The difference between CNC machining center and CNC lathe

Thu Jun 09 09:06:19 CST 2022

The difference between CNC machining center and CNC lathe

1. What is the difference between CNC machining center and CNC lathe?

Although both CNC machining centers and CNC CNC lathes are common CNC machinery and equipment, there is a big difference between the two.

From the structural point of view, although they are equipped with numerical control systems, CNC machining centers are controlled by at least three axes, while CNC lathes are controlled by two axes. The CNC machining center has a tool magazine, and the CNC lathe uses a tool holder. The functions of the two are relatively similar. Both are used to change the tool when processing the workpiece, but the specific structure is different. Tool holder is an important part of CNC lathe. It is equipped with various cutting tools, and its structure directly affects the cutting performance and work efficiency of the lathe. The tool post is divided into turret type and row tool type. There are more classifications of CNC machining center tool holders than CNC lathe tool holders, such as disc type, hat type, chain type, flying saucer type, simultaneous movement type, etc., most of the tool magazines have more tool capacity than CNC lathe tools. The tool capacity of the rack is large.

2. The difference between CNC machining center and CNC lathe in various aspects

From the point of view of the processing range, the processing range of CNC machining centers is larger than that of CNC lathes. CNC lathes are mainly used to process rotating parts. Machining centers can do a lot. They are proficient in boring, milling, cutting, reaming and tapping threads, etc., and CNC machining centers are divided into three axes, four axes, and five axes. The more the number of axes, the CNC machining center can process range Wider.

In terms of programming, the CNC system is also used. The programming of CNC machining centers and CNC lathes is similar in some respects. CNC machining centers are somewhat similar to three-axis or four-axis CNC machining centers, but CNC machining center programming is more complicated. ,; For example, the five-axis CNC machining center, because the spindle center is changing at any time when the spindle is processing complex curved workpieces, the programming is very complicated.